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Mesothelioma Cancer: Causes, Symptoms, Statistics

What is Mesothelioma?

Mesothelioma-cancer

Mesothelioma is a unusual type of cancer that may take up to 20 years to extend. At present there are three(3) recognized forms of mesothelioma wherein doctors can diagnose patients and these are pleural ,peritoneal and pericardial mesothelioma.

Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that affects the mesothelium, which is a skinny membrane that lines the inner outside of the chest wall where it is known as pleura, and abdomen, where it is known as peritoneum. It also surrounds the organs that found within these cavities for example the lung ,heart and intestines.

How many people die from mesothelioma?

  • Approximately 2,300 people died from mesothelioma in UK in 2010.
  • Over 8 in 10 mesothelioma deaths in UK occur in men.
  • Mesothelioma death rates in UK have increased by a fifth in women in the last 5 years, but have remained fairly constant in men.
  • Because of changing patterns of asbestos disclosure, the number of mesothelioma deaths is expected to peak in 2016 and decline rapidly thereafter.

How common is mesothelioma?

  • Mesothelioma accounts for below 1% of all cancers diagnosed in UK.Mesothelioma Country
  • In UK in 2010, around 2,500 people were diagnosed with mesothelioma, that is around  7 every day.
  • Mesothelioma is approximately 5 times more common in men than in women. In 2010 there were  about 2,100 cases in men and about 430 in women.
  • About 9 in 10 mesothelioma cases occur in people aged 60 and over.
  • Mesothelioma occurrence rates have increased almost four-fold since the early 1980s.

What are the main causes of mesothelioma?

  • Most cases of the mesothelioma are caused by the past occupational exposure to asbestos.
  • Asbestos is an insulating substance that was extensively used in many industries in the UK from the 1950s up until the mid-1980s, including shipbuilding and construction and where asbestos lagging was fitted or asbestos board was sawn.
  • The use of brown and blue asbestos was banned in UK in 1985. A complete ban on the use of asbestos products was launched when white asbestos was banned in UK in 1999. But workers in several occupations may still come in to contact with asbestos-containing materials that installed before these dates and regulations affect.
  • Mesothelioma symptoms may not come into sight for more than fifty years after exposure to asbestos

Mesothelioma Symptoms
Those afflicted with Mesothelioma may not in attendance symptoms until many years after exposure. General Mesothelioma symptoms such as:

  • Weight loss.
  • Difficulty in swallowing,
  • Pain in abdomen or chest,
  • Flu-like symptoms,
  • Fluid in the lungs, and
  • Respiratory complications

 

Mesothelioma Key Facts and Statistics

  • Mesothelioma is a cancer that arises from abdominal cavities or the cells lining the chest.Cancer
  • Mesothelioma in general results from exposure to asbestos.
  • When mesothelioma have an effect on the chest, the doctor may look inside the chest cavity with a unique instrument called thoracoscope.
  • When mesothelioma have an effect on the abdomen, the doctor may look inside the abdomen with a unique tool called a peritoneoscope.
  • Mesothelioma is diagnosed by the biopsy.
  • The outlook for the patients with mesothelioma depends on how early the disease is detected and how firmly it is treated.
  • Mesothelioma develops in three key HISTOLOGIC types: Epithelial, Sarcomatoid and Biphasic.
  • Over 2,000 new cases of the mesothelioma are diagnosed each year.
  • The first diagnosis or analysis of mesothelioma that was decisively linked to asbestos exposure was made in 1964.
  • The number of mesothelioma cases is supposed to peak worldwide around 2020.
  • More than 50% of patients can guess to be involved with the emerging clinical trials.
  • Since 2011, there have been over 175 clinical trials conducted related to mesothelioma.
  • Additional asbestiform minerals for example erionite have been linked to mesothelioma. In Turkish village of the Tuzkoy, more than half of the villagers have died of respiratory malfunctions together with mesothelioma.
  • Patients in general experience a latency period of 25 to 50 years after primary exposure before symptoms arise. Less than 1 % of patients have a latency period shorter than 15 years.
  • Around 14 to 30 people out of each million will be affected by mesothelioma each year.
  • The National Institute of Health (NIH) guesses that is 11 million people were exposed to asbestos between 1940 and 1978.
  • After treatment, approximately 50 % of patients will experience a life span of 8 to 18 months. About 30 percent or more have a chance of living five years or longer.
  • Males are 4 times more possible to be diagnosed with mesothelioma than females.
  • The disease is commonly diagnosed in people between the ages of 50 and 70 years.
  • Mesothelioma is diagnosed in the stages, ranging from I to IV. The higher point numbers indicate a more advanced case.